Description of the module:
This module focuses on the science of Hadith (Ulum al-hadith). The module will explore the importance and the development of Ḥadīth in Islam . It will examine Hadith criticism with regards to both sanad and matn to establish the authenticity of Ḥadīth. It surveys the terminology, authority, origins, formation, collections, criticism and classifications of Ḥadith in both Sunni and Shi‘i traditions. It will further explore legal and theological significance of Ḥadith and its use by the Sufis.
This module is assessed by a combination of a critical review and an essay:
Coursework Assignment 1: critical review
Word limit: 1500 words
Critically review the article about ḥadīth in Encyclopaedia of Islam 2nd edition
End of year Assignment 2: Essay
Word limit: 2000 words
‘Textual criticism of ḥadīth (naqd al-matn) played a minor role in ḥadīth criticism’, discuss.
(Further bibliography will be given about this topic)
1- Introduction: Basic terms (ḥadiīh, sunna, athar and khabar)
Reading: Brown, chapter 1
2- Reception and documentation
Reading: Kamali, chapter 2 & 3
3- Al-Jarḥ wa al-ta ‘dīl
Reading : Kamali, chapter 8
4- Classification of ḥadiīh I
Reading: Kamali, Chapter 15
5- Classification of ḥadiīh II
Reading: Kamali, Chapter 16
6- Textual criticism: matn
Brown chapter 3
7- Hadith in Shi‘ism
Brown, chapter 4
8- Theological significance of ḥadīth
Reading: Brown, chapter 6
9- Legal significance of ḥadiīh
Reading: Brown, chapter 5
10- The use of ḥadiīh in Sufism
Reading: Brown, chapter 7
11- Summary and conclusion
Brown, J, Hadith: Muhammad’s Legacy in the Medieval and Modern World (Clarendon Press, 2009).
Kamali, M, H, A Textbook of Hadith Studies (The Islamic Foundation, Leicester, 2005).
Azami, M. M., Studies in early Hadith literature (Indianapolis: American Trust Publications, 1978).
___________, On Schacht’s “Origins of Muhammadan Jurisprudence” (ITS, Cambridge, 1996).
—————-, Studies in Hadith Methodology and Literature (American Trust Publication, 1992).
Brown, Daniel W. Rethinking Tradition in Modern Islamic Thought. Cambridge 1996.
Burton, J., Introduction to the tradition (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2000). Guillaume, A., The Traditions of Islam (Beirut: Khayyat, 1961).
Juynboll, G. H. A., Muslim tradition: studies in chronology, provenance and authorship of early
Hadith (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983).
Motzki, H., The origins of Islamic jurisprudence (E.J. Brill, 2002).
____________, (ed.) Hadith: Formation of the Classical Islamic World (Brill, 2004).
Harald Motzki, Nicolet Boekhoff-van der Voort and Sean W. Anthony (eds.) Analysing Muslim Traditions (Brill, 2012).
Rahman, F., Islamic Methodology in History. Karachi, 1965.
Al Shahrazuri, I.S, (trans.) Dickinson, E., An Introduction to the Science of Hadith, (Reading: Garnet Publishing, 2006).
Siddiqi, M. Z., Hadith literature: its origin, development, special features and criticism (Cambridge: Islamic Texts Society, 1993).
Taqi Uthmani, M. Authority of Hadith (Kitab Bhavan, Delhi)